An Overview of the Khaleseh Nameh by Ratan Chand Raizadeh


  • anahita Journal
  • Muhammad Nasir
  • Syed Rashid Ahmad Shah


Ratan Chand Raizadeh, Khalisa Nama, History, Khalistan, Sikh period.


Khaleseh Nameh (ضاًُہ ٗآہ), usually known as the History of Khalestan (ضاًُتإ), was written by Ratan Chand Raizadeh (ؼتٖ چ٘ع ؼایؿاظٙ), a renowned historian of 19thcentury AD, in 1843 & 1844, in the Persian language. In fact, it is the history of the Sikh empire, founded by Maharaja Ranjit Singh (ٓہاؼاخا ؼٗدیت قی٘گ) (1780-1839) in 1799. Ratan Chand has also written in detail about Baba Guru Nanak (تاتا گٞؼٝ ٗاٗک), (1469-1539), the founder of Sikh religion and his ten successors, known as Guru (گٞؼٝ). GuruGobind Singh (گٞؼٝ گٞت٘ع قی٘گ) (1666-1708) was the 10thand the last Guru. He gave a new direction & dimension to the Sikh religion. He defined certain principles and named every single person of his community as Sikh (قیک) & Khaleseh (ضاًُہ). Ratan ChandRaizadeh has given some interesting details about the invasion of Nader Shah Afshar (1688-1747) and Ahmad Shah Abdali (1722-1772). Moreover, he has analyzed the reasons behind the rapid decline of the great Mughal Empire. The facts mentioned about the Afghan tribes & the British rulers are quite significant. Ratan Chand Raizadeh himself was the eyewitness of many historical events, so the book may be considered the authentic history of the Sikh dynasty. The only available manuscript of this important history is preserved in the main library of the University of the Punjab, vide no. 2134/PCIII/73.